Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel: Enteric Organism Rapid Detection Bacterial, Viral and Parasitic Infection by Real-Time PCR Multiplex  

Winter 2012/2013 - cases of the highly infectious norovirus have increased significantly by about a quarter on the same time last year. For all those confirmed and reported by laboratory testing, there are likely to be hundreds more are unreported.  The level in December 2012 has been the highest for 5 years.  Cases of rotavirus which has similar symptoms of vomiting and diarrhoea are also up by one third.

This is a qualitatative molecular multiplex diarrhoea test intended for the simultaneous detection and identification of multiple gastrointestinal pathogens including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Because the symptoms from viral, bacterial and parasitic agents are often the same it is often difficult to differentiate them - hence 80% of all cases of diarrhoea are currently unidentified, and antibiotics are often inappropriately used.

This is the first panel available that is able to cover 15 major gastrointestinal pathogens in a single test: 

Bacteria and bacterial toxins Viruses
  Salmonella   Adenovirus 40/41
  Shigella   Rotavirus A
  Campylobacter   Norovirus GI/II
  Clostridium difficile Toxin A/B  
  Enterotoxigenic E. coli Parasites
  E. coli O157   Giardia
  Shiga-like Toxin producing E. coli   Entamoeba histolytica
  Vibrio cholerae   Cryptosporidium
  Yersinia enterocolitica    

A stool culture is not included and a separate sample and request should be made for stool o/c/p and culture.

Test Code Sample Type Turnaround Time
Enteric Organism Rapid Detection by real time PCR EORD Fresh stool sample 2 days